Course Description: Sex/Gender, Race/Ethnicity and Health highlights the fact that the contributions of these variables are not monolithic, and that fundamental individual traits can change their meaning and health impact in different contexts. These complex traits are multifaceted, and the goal is to tease apart the facets at different levels of organization in order to identify which of them directly modulate health. The differences between the constructs of sex and gender are explored. The independent dimensions of sex and gender are contrasted, as are their variants. Health disparities based on race are discussed, as are genetic variations based on race. The importance of ancestral origin to health is emphasized.
This course is based upon material published by the National Academies Press for the National Academy of Sciences and is available as an open access article.
This course on health outcomes based on sex, gender, race, and ethnicity is designed for social workers, professional counselors, psychologists, nurses, and substance abuse counselors, who do clinical work. This course is appropriate for beginning, intermediate and advanced level practitioners who wish to develop their understanding of sex, gender, race, and ethnicity impacts on health. The course material includes information related to diversity, specifically sex, gender, race, and ethnicity, including their relationship to health outcomes. It may also be useful for licensed clinicians who require continuing education courses for license renewal.
Authors: Lyla M. Hernandez and Dan G. Blazer (Eds)
Learning Objectives: This course will provide the practitioner with detailed information regarding diversity. It specifically looks at how sex, gender, race, and ethnicity impacts on health. Specifically, a professional will:
• Describe the difference between sex and gender
• Identify the importance of ancestral origin to health
• Recognize health disparities related to race
Citation: Genes, Behaviors, and the Social Environment: Moving Beyond the Nature-Nurture Debate (2006). Committee on Assessing Interactions among Social, Behavioral, and Genetic Factors in Health. Lyla M. Hernandez and Dan G. Blazer, Editors. ISBN 0309660459.
Reviewed by TM DiDona, PhD 2018 and found to be current. Updated references include:
- Avila, J., Chelvakumar, G., & Ford, N. (2017). Gender and Sexual Minorities Cultural Competency Training for Pediatric Residents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(2), S87.
- Betancourt, J. R., Green, A. R., Carrillo, J. E., & Owusu Ananeh-Firempong, I. I. (2016). Defining cultural competence: a practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care. Public health reports.
- Bleidorn, W., Arslan, R. C., Denissen, J. J., Rentfrow, P. J., Gebauer, J. E., Potter, J., & Gosling, S. D. (2016). Age and gender differences in self-esteem—A cross-cultural window. Journal of personality and social psychology, 111(3), 396.
- Donaldson, W. V., & Vacha-Haase, T. (2016). Exploring staff clinical knowledge and practice with LGBT residents in long-term care: A grounded theory of cultural competency and training needs. Clinical Gerontologist, 39(5), 389-409.
- Rosenkrantz, D. E., Black, W. W., Abreu, R. L., Aleshire, M. E., & Fallin-Bennett, K. (2017). Health and health care of rural sexual and gender minorities: A systematic review. Stigma and Health, 2(3), 229.
- Tan, J. Y., Xu, L. J., Lopez, F. Y., Jia, J. L., Pho, M. T., Kim, K. E., & Chin, M. H. (2016). Shared decision making among clinicians and Asian American and Pacific Islander sexual and gender minorities: An intersectional approach to address a critical care gap. LGBT health, 3(5), 327-334.