This course is based upon material published in the journal Criminal Justice and Behavior by Sage Publications on behalf of the International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology (IACFP). This course, including the continuing education credits are offered free of charge as a benefit to all IACFP members.
This meta-analysis was conducted to examine predictors of two indicators of inmates’ adjustment to prison life: institutional infractions and health care utilization. Focusing on male prisoners, the final data set consisted of 90 studies and produced 1,815 correlations. Predictors were grouped into personal and contextual characteristics. Regarding institutional infractions, the strongest personal predictors were prior prison misconduct, aggressiveness, impulsiveness, antisocial traits, institutional risk, and younger age. At the contextual level, higher infraction rates were observed in prisons with more gang activity, and in prisons housing more inmates and a larger proportion of maximum security inmates. Major correlates of health care utilization were prior mental health problems, older age, and physical symptoms. Moderator effects were observed for prison sample size, sample selection, length of follow-up, geographic location, and type of analysis. These findings may help to improve prison classification procedures to optimize prisoners’ management and treatment.
Forensic and clinical psychologists can benefit from this course. In addition, this course is appropriate for social workers and professional counselors, especially those interested in forensic psychology or those who work within the criminal justice system. This course is appropriate for intermediate and advanced level practitioners who wish to enhance their knowledge of inmate adjustment to prison life.
Authors: Goncalves, Goncalves, Martins, and Dirkzwager
Learning Objectives: This course will provide the practitioner with detailed information regarding predictions of inmate adjustment to prison life. Specifically, a professional will:
- Identify the strongest personal predictors of prison misconduct
- Distinguish correlations with higher infractions rates in prisons
- Describe major correlates of health care utilization
Citation: Goncalves, L..C., Goncalves, R.A., Martins, C. and Dirkzwager, A.J.E. (2014). Prediction infractions and health care utilization in prison. Criminal Justice and Behavior Vol 41 No 8