Course Description: This course is based upon material published in the Journal Affective Disorders and is available as a NIH Public Access article.
Background—Previous research has identified elevated social adjustment and frequent religious attendance as protective against depression. The present study aims to examine the association of frequency of religious services attendance with subsequent depression, while accounting for the effects of social adjustment.
Method—Participants were 173 adult offspring of depressed and nondepressed parents, followed longitudinally over 25 years. Diagnosis was assessed with the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia—Lifetime Version. The Social Adjustment Scale—Self Report (SAS—SR) was used to assess social adjustment and frequency of religious services attendance was selfreported. In a logistic regression analysis, major depression at 20 years was used as the outcome measure and the frequency of religious services attendance and social adjustment variables at 10 years as predictors.
Results—Frequent religious services attendance was found to protect against subsequent depression at a trend level. High functioning social adjustment was found to protect against subsequent depression, especially within the immediate and extended family. Adults without a depressed parent who reported attending religious services at least once a month had a lower likelihood of subsequent depression. Among adults with a depressed parent, those with high functioning social adjustment had a lower likelihood of subsequent depression.
Limitations—Measurement of social adjustment was non-specific to religious services. Conclusions—Frequent religious attendance may protect against major depression, independent from the effects of social adjustment. This protective quality may be attenuated in adults with a depressed parent. High functioning social adjustment may be protective only among offspring of depressed parents.
This course on depression is designed for licensed professional counselors, social workers, psychologists, nurses, and substance abuse counselors who do clinical work. This course is appropriate for beginning, intermediate and advanced level practitioners who wish to develop their understanding of depression. It is practical for licensed clinicians who require clinical continuing education courses for license renewal.
The course is based on a research article in a journal. One of the benefits of reading research based articles for continuing education is that it allows the practitioner to keep current on the latest findings in their field.
Authors: Barton, Miller, Wickramaratne, Gameroff, and Weissman
Learning Objectives: This course will provide the practitioner with detailed information regarding depression and religious
attendance and social adjustment. Specifically, a professional will:
• Describe previous research regarding the effects of religious attendance on depression.
• Define the impact of frequent religious service attendance on depression.
• Identify the impact of high social adjustment on depression.
Citation: Barton, Miller, Wickramaratne, Gameroff, and Weissman, (2013). Religious attendance and social adjustment as protective against depression: A 10-year prospective study. J Affect Disord. March 20; 146(1): 53–57.