This course is based upon course material developed and deployed by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) which is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The course material was specifically developed for the training of clinicians who work with clients who may use or abuse alcohol. The course material can be found on the NIAAAs website at the following link:
This course is concerned with the ethnic and cultural aspects of alcohol-related problems. The term race only occasionally appears because it reflects a very different and distinct concept. Race basically refers to the classification of people as members of a population defined by genetically transmitted (physical) characteristics according to Straussner. On the other hand, culture refers to the ways in which individuals structure their behaviors around the worldviews, life patterns, institutions, languages, religious ideals, artistic expressions, and relationships shared by their groups members. Ethnicity refers to a shared common identity of a groups members, and it helps to determine thoughts, feelings, and behavior in both subtle and obvious ways. Cultural identification refers to the degree or strength of a persons ethnic or cultural group affiliation. The close interaction and circularity of influence between ethnicity and cultural context leads Straussner to recommend that clinicians strive to develop ethnoculturally competent practice in substance abuse services. She suggests that ethnocultural competency is a crucial component in the delivery of effective services, communication between practitioner and client, and client retention. Amodeo and Jones state that engaging clients in the change process requires that practitioners acknowledge the cultural framework of practice, and that simply applying mainstream approaches to substance problems of non-mainstream populations is likely to be ineffective or counterproductive.
This course on alcohol, ethnicity and culture is useful for social workers, addiction professionals, professional counselors, psychologists, and chemical dependency counselors who practice and need continuing education. This course is appropriate for beginning, intermediate and advanced level practitioners who wish to develop their understanding of how culture and ethnicity interact with alcohol use. It may also be useful for licensed clinicians who require clinical course credits and are interested in becoming more cross culturally competent learning more about specific populations and alcohol use disorders.
Authors: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Learning Objectives: This course will provide the practitioner with detailed information regarding alcohol, ethnicity and culture. Specifically, a professional will:
- Identify the diverse patterns of alcohol use among individuals from various racial, ethnic, and cultural groups-differences between and among groups
- Recognize the effects of alcohol on different groups and the factors associated with alcohol use among members of various groups
- Distinguish effective alcohol intervention and prevention services by exploring strategies appropriate for use with members of varied racial, ethnic, and cultural groups.
Reviewed by TM DiDona, PhD 2018 and found to be current. Updated references include:
- Avila, J., Chelvakumar, G., & Ford, N. (2017). Gender and Sexual Minorities Cultural Competency Training for Pediatric Residents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(2), S87.
- Betancourt, J. R., Green, A. R., Carrillo, J. E., & Owusu Ananeh-Firempong, I. I. (2016). Defining cultural competence: a practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care. Public health reports.
- Bleidorn, W., Arslan, R. C., Denissen, J. J., Rentfrow, P. J., Gebauer, J. E., Potter, J., & Gosling, S. D. (2016). Age and gender differences in self-esteem—A cross-cultural window. Journal of personality and social psychology, 111(3), 396.
- Donaldson, W. V., & Vacha-Haase, T. (2016). Exploring staff clinical knowledge and practice with LGBT residents in long-term care: A grounded theory of cultural competency and training needs. Clinical Gerontologist, 39(5), 389-409.
- Rosenkrantz, D. E., Black, W. W., Abreu, R. L., Aleshire, M. E., & Fallin-Bennett, K. (2017). Health and health care of rural sexual and gender minorities: A systematic review. Stigma and Health, 2(3), 229.
- Tan, J. Y., Xu, L. J., Lopez, F. Y., Jia, J. L., Pho, M. T., Kim, K. E., & Chin, M. H. (2016). Shared decision making among clinicians and Asian American and Pacific Islander sexual and gender minorities: An intersectional approach to address a critical care gap. LGBT health, 3(5), 327-334.